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Building Right Test Automation Strategy for Successful Mobile App Testing

November 21, 2018

Building Right Test Automation Strategy for Successful Mobile App Testing

Mobile applications are considered as the most essential and continuously updated software, as every end-to-end customer and business needs constant testing and deployment. It is the fundamental aspect of your company/business, which needs to make an impact. Therefore, Mobile Test Automation adds significant business value for all the businesses.

Previously, the mobile phones were used as a mere communication medium, but today it has secured its position as the primary means of digital media and content. People use a mobile device for everything, from purchasing online, ordering food, connecting with friends and family, and now even running an online business. It is believed that:

Owners will interact with their phones on average 65 times per day in 2023, a 20 percent increase over 2018, according to new forecasts by Deloitte.”

To approach such massive mobile users, organizations undergo immense pressure to provide continuous services as per user demand and interest.

However, technological advancements and abundance of new devices bring some challenges for application developers to develop new products. Quality assurance of such products is even intricate than development because to make applications compatible with various types of devices, operating systems (Android, iOS, and Windows) and platforms have made it more challenging for organizations. As organizations have to:

  • Test applications on various types of devices, OS’s and platforms
  • Perform recurring test due to the launch of new devices, OS upgrades, and latest mobile features.

To overcome such issues, you can go through the top 5 mobile app testing trends that will create huge impact in coming years as well as adds major value to the business.

“Carrying bugs never sounds positive but choosing the proper tool is very important to set the right context.”

In today’s time, customers don’t compromise with less than perfection. Thus, to deliver a flawless user experience with an efficient mobile application you need to adopt the right mobile test automation strategy.

Selecting the right mobile test automation tool and process is very important to reduce complexity and accelerate time to value. While opting for automation tool, organizations must carry out strategic plan before jumping into the deep level. The assessment should bring fruitful results and help in agile initiatives.

Here's how you can formulate best Mobile Test Automation Strategy to reduce time, eliminate QA bottlenecks and shorten your release cycles:

1)   Select the Right Automation Tool
Mobile automation tool selection is the most important part of mobile automation strategy. There are multiple tools claimed to be best-in-Industry and most of them work following the same architecture but a single tool might not achieve all test automation goals. Hence, you must perform proof of concept prior to moving ahead with a particular tool. Consider following steps to select the right tool:

  • While analyzing various automation tools, compare key parameters, check specifications of a particular tool and ensure it can achieve your current and future requirements.
  • All tools do not support every type of mobile apps, thus consider a tool that is compatible with most of the mobile apps.
  • Avoid tools that do not support multiple programming languages, and continuous integrations servers as most of the time you need to test and make changes automatically and reporting.
  • Select a tool that allows execution on both simulators and devices.
  • Ease of scripting should be a major norm while selecting a tool. A tool that helps the manual team to adopt automation effortlessly should be considered.

2)   Choose the appropriate automation framework
After selecting the right automation tool, consider choosing a right test automation framework. An automation framework has an environment which allows execution of automation test scripts. There are several automation frameworks available to choose from, but based on the type of user scenarios and the size of application to be tested, evaluate the type of framework you need. Some key frameworks are a modular framework, library architecture testing, data-driven testing, keyword driven testing, hybrid testing and behavior driven development.

As Gartner has stated: “By 2020, DevOps initiatives will cause 50% of enterprises to implement continuous testing using frameworks and open-source quality tools.”

A well-defined test automation framework helps in achieving high reusability of test components, develop the scripts and obtain high-quality test automation scripts.

Download this Whitepaper: "Test Automation Framework Design – A Step by Step Guide" which will take you through the step by step guide to what is an automation testing framework, its types, why it is required to design and how to design it in the most appropriate way.

3)   Undergo Testing on appropriate Devices or Simulators
As we know the automation framework runs on devices and simulators to test the performance and responsiveness of the application. However, simulators are an option to be considered for testing, but it is recommended to use real device to check actual compatibility of the application on the devices. This helps to uphold the quality of app testing, and enhance the app performance across various networks.

However, a mobile test automation strategy to decide where to run mobile tests is based on immediate testing needs. It is very effective to undergo automation testing on a particular device relevant to the application. For example, gaming app is designed for specific device screens. Testing such application on all the devices is not required. On the other hand, UI of the app is the major key concern, always advisable to go with real device testing.

4)   Consider the type of application to be tested
Before planning a test strategy, consider which type of application is to be tested. Whether it is native applications which have deep interactions with system API’s, web apps that run in mobile browsers while hybrid apps that may blend aspects of the both. A thorough analysis should be done as each type of application has its own unique set of requirements. Based on the type of application, you can determine the test strategy to be followed to reduce cost, optimize automated testing and enhance test coverage.

5)   Plan Test Cases
Your automated tests will be a success only if your test cases contain clear and concise steps with data requirements and expected results. Choose the type of tests (functional and non-functional) needed, plan key parameters such as coverage area, type of defects etc. and test scenarios that application face issues such as traffic, network problems, device configurations and many more.

Depending on the use case of the app, end-to-end automated testing may not be possible. Understand each feature of the app to be tested and verify through automated testing. If your app consists of hardware-specific features such as cameras or sensors, prioritize such features based on user scenarios. Focus on automating different level of features:

• Unit test/API

• UI – smoke/acceptance

• Full regression

Increasing the use of Agile methodologies to improve app quality and reduce time to market has made imperative to shorten release cycles and go to market. Automation testing helps you improve mobile experience and also code quality in a quick turnaround time. However, considering the right automated testing tool, frameworks and platforms for mobile app testing leads to better results and helps to achieve market competitiveness. Hope the above strategies help you get started with mobile automation.


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