15 Top Practices to Follow for UI Automation Testing
October 7, 2020
The stability and the reliability of UI Automation testing has always been a challenge for Quality Assurance experts. Getting your test case right, all while ensuring wider test coverage, can often prove tedious, difficult and time consuming.
Now, thanks to test automation, you can make your UI automation framework a high-speed, reliable track instead of an unstable road with manholes if you follow industry standard best practices.
These practices for automated UI testing will let you run your tests swiftly and unfailingly in a repeatable manner, simultaneously on diverse platforms and browsers.
Here are the top 15 best practices to follow for UI Automation Testing:
- Avoid relying solely on the UI test automation
Always consider low-level tests like Unit Tests and API Tests first for faster execution which in turn lead to faster feedback. This lets you identify issues early optimizing expenditure and improving ROI. Low-level tests are more stable than higher-level tests and are implemented much earlier in the QA automation pipeline.
- Try adopting a BDD framework
BDD (Behavior-Driven Development), also known as the acceptance test, is recommended for UI Automation. It is a methodology that helps teams collaborate with each other and understand the tests and requirements thoroughly. Moreover, a strict code organization pattern helps in avoiding code duplication. It adds additional business value to the testing process as these tests can be understood by the project managers as well.
- Practice test design patterns and principles
While design patterns are reusable solutions for a shared problem in the software design, design principles provide the guidelines for building a cleaner, sustainable, and maintainable software.
- Do not use Sleep Timeout unless critically required
This is the golden rule that must be followed regardless of the software complexities. The Sleep Timeout akaThread.sleep() function blocks your test thread for a specified number of seconds and allows to pause your tests causes instability and longer execution time in UI automation tests.
- Running all tests across different browsers is superfluous
Performing Browser-compatibility testing is essential, but every test doesn’t need to be executed across all target browsers. Instead, a limited test suite consisting of the tests that interact with all web elements can be tested across different browsers to verify that the application works correctly on all supported browsers.
- Isolate the tests from the test automation framework
Rethink the organization of your code and separate the tests from test automation framework functionality to make the test automation framework maintainable.
- Build a moveable test automation framework
Running test automation framework on another machine often needs huge efforts in the setup. Building a portable test automation framework makes it much easier to work on different machines. Consider storing your smaller files under control version along with the framework and the larger files on the cloud storage instead of storing on your local machine.
- Name your tests cleverly
Always keep the test names clear, providing an idea about their functionality. The goal is to be able to understand the functionality of the test by its name.
- Use lenient assertions to check all the possible bugs in one go
In UI automation, where you might want to verify several UI elements together, assert a condition that allows to continue testing even after an issue was found.
- Implement screenshots creation for failure investigation
Implementing a mechanism that will make a browser take a screenshot whenever a test failed, will help you save a lot of time in examining the reasons for a test failure. TestingWhiz has an in-built screenshot creation mechanism which allows you to save the screenshots of all test steps!
- Make UI tests clear and simple
Avoid adding comments to your tests, instead name your functions with a reasonable name.
- Separate the low priority bugs from the main test execution
Sometimes, there are situations when the application has a list of low priority bugs which will not be fixed soon. These trivial bugs are often left inside the main run and are ignored, which result in loss of huge amount of time and effort in the long run. Hence, it is important to separate them from the main test execution.
- Adopt data-driven tests instead of repeated tests
When you need to test the same workflow by using different data, a Data-driven approach is extremely useful. Unlike repetitive tests that becomes unmanageable while testing multiple combinations, data-driven tests uses only a test and an array of data to run all the different data combinations!
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- Avoid dependencies between the tests
Dependencies makes the tests difficult to read and maintain, especially, during parallel automation runs when the order of the tests in the run is not guaranteed.
- Track your tests with Test Reports
Test automation reports are extremely important to optimize testing. Moreover, verification of the test results from different test executions becomes simpler and faster. You can setup reporting by using test execution tools or test management tools. You can utilize a Live Test Reporting feature that enables you to view reports just after a test case execution, rather than waiting for the entire test run to complete in a test automation tool like TestingWhiz.
As the applications today are designed and developed for varied platforms spanning different user interfaces, it has become more complicated and risk-prone task. While this has many challenges and loopholes, Automated UI Testing is gaining traction. Testing tools like TestingWhiz can help effortlessly automate UI Testing for software and applications.
The plug-and-play codeless test automation tool, TestingWhiz not only offers intelligent, stable, and reliable UI Automation, it provides you with the advanced options like Live Automation Reports, in-build Screenshot Creation, Data-Driven Testing approach and much more,
Still struggling with an unstable, unreliable manual testing approach? You are just a click away from experiencing the best Automated UI Testing with TestingWhiz. Download Now!